Vegetation of Himachal Pradesh The Forests of Himachal Pradesh known for their grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in the Himalayan crown. [30][31][32][33] The state also has 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves. After the winter season, the hillsides and orchards bloom with wild flowers, while gladiolas, carnations, marigolds,[27] roses, chrysanthemums, tulips and lilies are carefully cultivated. [101] Himachal Pradesh has the highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states and union territories in India. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). This majestic bird is the state bird of Himachal Pradesh. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. [120] By 2011, the literacy rate surged to over 82%,[121][5] making Himachal one of the most-literate states in the country. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [74]. [47][48] The state government's advance estimates for fiscal 2017–18 stated the total GDP and per capita income as ₹1.359 trillion and ₹158,462, respectively. [97][98], Hinduism is the major religion in Himachal Pradesh. Further, during peak winter months, the snow cover area has reduced gradually from February onwards which may affect the runoff patterns during the summer months. Rapidly changing climate is degrading the snow cover of Himalayan rivers originating in Himachal Pradesh, according to a recent study by the State Centre on Climate Change under the aegis of the Himachal Council for Science Technology and Environment (HIMCOSTE). [130] [30] Great Himalayan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Pin Valley National Park are the national Parks located in the state. This life supporting systems are presently under great stress due to impact of modern civilization, economic development and growth in human and cattle population. [95] The infant mortality rate stood at 40 in 2010, and the crude birth rate has declined from 37.3 in 1971 to 16.9 in 2010, below the national average of 26.5 in 1998. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Avian flu cases have been confirmed in four states, including Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala with hundreds of migratory birds and crows being found dead. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. [93] Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%). Leaders of all 40 farm unions which are taking part in the protest will meet three cabinet ministers of the government for the 10th round of talks this afternoon in an effort to end the impasse. In the assembly elections held in November 2017, the Bharatiya Janata Party secured an absolute majority, winning 44 of the 68 seats while the Congress won only 21 of the 68 seats. They are extremely pleasant; you can go out on treks, and might even need woolens at night. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants. Himachal Pradesh offers a unique melting of high mountain and tropical garden, in fact the climatic conditions led the British to establish here their summer capital, Shimla, today the capital of the state. Other Traditional Clothing Items of Himachal Pradesh. Besides this, the snow cover also helps in controlling the accumulation and ablation patterns of the glaciated regions in the state. Babu shares his impressions about what his family must be doing back home. There are over 10,000 primary schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the state. The total route length of the operational railway network in the state is 296.26 kilometres (184.09 mi). [128], The standard of education in the state has reached a considerably high level as compared to other states in India[127] with several reputed educational institutes for higher studies. A special Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) court on Tuesday rejected an application filed by Indrani Mukerjea, seeking exemption from wearing the green saree – a uniform for women prisoners across Maharashtra, When 22-year-old Sandhya Sonawane decided to contest the gram panchayat polls from Naigaon, Ahmednagar, many ridiculed her for the decision, To attract more parents to civic body schools, the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation’s (BMC) education department has proposed to start 10 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) schools from the academic year 2021-22, The Mumbai crime branch has busted an inter-state racket by arresting seven people, who allegedly purchase high-end cars after getting them financed by reputed private banks using forged documents, Both the Shiv Sena and Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Tuesday claimed they had won the highest number of gram panchayats (village council), as results to the elections to 12,711 gram panchayats that went to polls on January 15 were announced. Experiencing snowfall, the state gets covered with a thick blanket of snow during this season making it an ideal travel destination for snow lovers. Go, explore and appreciate the beauty of these 12 places in Himachal Pradesh. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. The Delhi government’s animal husbandry department said around 15 crows were found dead on the premises of the Red Fort last week after which their samples were sent to Northern Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory in Jalandhar, Punjab. Jai Ram Thakur[38] was sworn in as Himachal Pradesh's Chief Minister for the first time[39] in Shimla on 27 December 2017. [15], After independence, the Chief Commissioner's Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states (including feudal princes and zaildars) in the promontories of the western Himalayas. Census of India (2011), the states and union territories of India, Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, List of institutions of higher education in Himachal Pradesh, Baddi University of Emerging Sciences and Technologies, National Institute of Technology, Hamirpur, Indian Institute of Information Technology Una, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalya Palampur, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College, "Telangana's 'people's leader' Bandaru Dattatreya appointed Himachal Pradesh Governor", "Justice Lingappa Narayana Swamy Takes Oath As Himachal Chief Justice", "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Bill to make Sanskrit second official language of HP passed", "Census 2011, Chapter 6 (State of Literacy), p.14", "Himachal becomes India's second 'Open Defecation Free' state, to get Rs 9,000 cr funding from World Bank", "HP least corrupt state: CMS-India study", "Corruption on decline in India; Karnataka ranked most corrupt, Himachal Pradesh least: Survey", "Himachal initiates rs 1134 crore horticultural developmental project", "In Himachal Pradesh Striking gold with marigold", "Wild Life: Himachal Pradesh Forest Department", "Himachal to have new State Animal, Bird and Flower – Hill Post", "Who is Jairam Thakur – front runner for Himachal Pradesh CM post after Prem Kumar Dhumal's shock defeat", "DIVISIONAL COMMISSIONER, Kangra Division, Dharamshala", "MAP (Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies of HP)", "Economic Survey projects Himachal Pradesh's growth rate at 7.7% - Times of India", "Growth rate for Himachal Pradesh estimated at 6.8%", "Final English Budget Speech for 2018–19", "An Overview of Planning in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh: A Profile, Economic Development", "Why Kerala is like Maldives and Uttar Pradesh, Pakistan", "Crop Diversification in Himachal Pradesh: Patterns, Determinants and Challenges", "State specific files, Chapter 57: Himachal Pradesh", "$37 Million Additional Financing for Himachal Pradesh Mid Himalayan Watershed Development Project, India – 18000 Farmer Households to Benefit", "Apple season begins in Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Pradesh headed for good Apple crop this year", "Production of Apple Increases by About 36% in 2015–16", "Independence Day-2013 Speech by Virbhadra Singh", "While others sweat, Himachal struggles to sell its surplus power", "Himachal's mega 100 Mw hydro power project to be commissioned this month", "Historic pilgrimage trek to Himalayas concludes, five dead", "Himachal Pradesh: Dev Bhoomi, The Land of Gods", "Ice-skating rink completes 100 sessions again", "Top 15 Places To Visit in Himachal Pradesh", "Paragliding World Cup 2015 will be held in India: All you need to know", "India hosts the first ever Paragliding World Cup", "Airfares to Dharamsala skyrocket this weekend", "Complete Una-Hamirpur rail line survey within 6 months: Anurag", "Kangra's narrow gauge rail corridor is all set to get heritage status", "Statewise Length of Railway Lines and Survey For New Railway Lines", "Work on Chandigarh-Baddi railway line to start soon", "With eye on China, India begins work on Himachal-Ladakh rail link", "White Paper on purchase of fleet of buses", "Himachal private bus operators seek hike in fare", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, "Census 2011:Population size and Decadal change", "STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF HIMACHAL PRADESH 2015–16: I – AREA AND POPULATION- Table 1.17 and 1.18, XIII – EDUCATION- Table 13.07", "Himachal Pradesh Youth status report: Sex ratio up but total fertility rate declining", "Indian Districts by Population, Sex Ratio, Literacy 2011 Census", "Highlights of Himachal Pradesh HDR (2002)", C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Himachal Pradesh, "Population by religion community – 2011", "Himachal Pradesh Districts – Religion 2011", "CHAPTER 2: SCHEDULED AREAS AND SCHEDULED TRIBES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH", "Traditional handicrafts and handloom of Kullu district, Himachal Pradesh", "Himcrafts: H.P State Handicrafts and Handloom Corp. Ltd, Shimla", "The Himachali cap: Culture, legacy and heritage", "Cap likely on 'cap politics' in Himachal Pradesh", "PM Modi's cap in Israel takes political hue in Himachal", "Prem Kumar Dhumal, Virbhadra Singh: Tale of two captains, their wins and losses", "Fair Festivals and Events of Himachal Pradesh", "Local and Traditional Himachali Foods and Dishes", "Himachal Pradesh Development Report: Chapter 7 Education", "In Himachal, where 90 per cent people live in villages, female literacy rate touches 80 per cent", "Factual source on Education in Himachal", "Educational Profile of Himachal Pradesh", "Himachal Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan & Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan", "Himachal Pradesh Population Census data 2011", Statistics and Data, Planning Department, Government of Himachal Pradesh, The Official Tourism Site of Himachal Pradesh, India, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Himachal_Pradesh&oldid=1001421835, States and territories established in 1971, Punjabi-speaking countries and territories, Articles with failed verification from January 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. [67] The identified hydroelectric potential for the state is 27,436 MW in five river basins[65] while the hydroelectric capacity in 2016 was 10,351 MW. [15] They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. [50] More than 50% of this expenditure was incurred on transport and communication; while the power sector got a share of just 4.6%, though it had steadily increased to 7% by the Third Plan. In 1966, hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971. Officials said the number of enquiries on the helpline numbers of the 24 ward offices has increased after January 16, the first day of the vaccination drive, with each office recording around 50 such calls since then. [114][115] The Kullu Dussehra festival is nationally known. Biological Conservation, 93 (3): 371-379. He added that studies which are being carried out by the Centre for mapping of seasonal snow cover in terms of its spatial distribution covers the different river basins in Himachal Pradesh during the winter season from October to May and is an important input in order to understand the contribution of snow in different catchments to sustain the hydrology of the river basins. Kala, C.P. After a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajputs principalities. [49] As of 2018, Himachal is the 22nd-largest state economy in India with ₹1.52 lakh crore (US$21 billion) in gross domestic product and has the 13th-highest per capita income (₹160,000 (US$2,200)) among the states and union territories of India. [48] The per capita income increased from ₹130,067 in 2015–16 to ₹147,277 in 2016–17. [23] Lahaul-Spiti region of the state, being a cold desert, supports unique plants of medicinal value including Ferula jaeschkeana, Hyoscyamus niger, Lancea tibetica, and Saussurea bracteata. [15] Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. [51] Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. The state government has also decided to start three major nursing colleges to develop the healthcare system of the state. [105][106], Himachal is well known for its handicrafts. [86], Himachal Pradesh has a total population of 6,864,602 including 3,481,873 males and 3,382,729 females according to the Census of India 2011. The governor is the head of state appointed by the President of India. Covering an area of 55,673 square kilometres (21,495 sq mi),[4] it is a mountainous state. Kerala Summer Season (March – June) The summer season in Kerala begins towards the end of February. The average maximum temperature hovers around 35°C, and the minimum temperature is around 28°C. [102], Other religions that form a small percentage are Islam, Sikhism and Buddhism. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organized as the Chief Commissioner's province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. [18], The drainage system of Himachal is composed both of rivers and glaciers. Kerala receives copious rain (average 3000 mm a year )each year. Prior to India's independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. Monsoon lasts from July to September. Some of the most commonly spoken individual languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri. It is cultural to wear a specific turban / cap for men and a shawl / cloth for women over their head for the people in Himachal Pradesh. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja), 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over, Employment generated in government sector, Bhanupali (Punjab) - Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 16:30. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Used to protect the head from the intense cold of the Himalayas, this cap is woven and stitched as a squat cylinder and is part of the signature look of the … The driver of the truck survived the accident and has been detained. [89] The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. of 1950). [126] The Hamirpur District in particular stands out for high literacy rates across all metrics of measurement. Based on the data analysed, more snow cover has been observed in the Satluj basin during winter months (November to January) than the Beas and Ravi basins, whereas the Chenab basin has not shown much change in the area under snow during this period. [65] The income generated from exporting the electricity to other states is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the state. In a year, the rainfall is 2883 mm | 113.5 inch. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. Sunshine on a snowy mountain at Himachal Pradesh. They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. If you have visited any of these places, we would like to know what about it appealed to you the most. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. [15], During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. To address this, a workshop on ‘Endangered Medicinal Plant Species in Himachal Pradesh’ was held in 2002 and the conference was attended by forty experts from diverse disciplines. In Kerala, weather is usually tropical with almost no dry spells. [37] Terms of office run for five years, unless the Assembly is dissolved prior to the completion of the term. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. Due to extreme variation in elevation, great variation occurs in the climatic conditions of Himachal. Without chairperson and members, Bihar women’s commission is failing victims, Uttarakhand to get 92k Covid doses this week to cover entire healthcare force, Rajasthan Congress MLA Gajendra Singh Shaktawat dies after prolonged illness, Farmers' tractor rally: Group of farm union leaders to meet police officials, BJP, SP candidates step closer to unopposed election to UP legislative council, 13 dead, 18 injured in road accident due to fog in West Bengal's Jalpaiguri, Delhiwale: An evening in Babu Lal’s village, Bird flu: Red Fort shut till January 26 after sample of dead crow tests positive, Sheena Bora murder case: CBI court refuses to exempt Indrani Mukerjea from wearing jail uniform sari, Gram panchayats across Maharashtra get a shot of fresh blood as youngsters win elections, BMC proposes 10 more CBSE-affiliated civic schools in Mumbai, Inter-state vehicle racket busted by Mumbai Police: 7 arrested, 19 high-end cars seized, Maharashtra gram panchayat elections: Shiv Sena, BJP claim they won highest number of victories, Maharashtra government mulls action against Arnab Goswami over leaked chats, Mumbai civic body ward offices abuzz with Covid-19 vaccine enquiries, The current situation only complicates the existing challenges for the commission that is already grappling with cases pending for the last several months. [66] The rich hydropower resources of Himachal have resulted in the state becoming almost universally electrified with around 94.8% houses receiving electricity as of 2001, as compared to the national average of 55.9%. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. [116] The day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the rest of northern India with Punjabi and Tibetan influences. [57][58] Pulses, fruits, vegetables and oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the state. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. (2005) Health traditions of Buddhist community and role of amchis in trans-Himalayan region of India. Broadly, Himachal experiences three seasons: summer, winter, and rainy season. Climate Of Himachal Pradesh & Best Months To Plan A Trip. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. [17] On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. As Himachal Pradesh is a state with a cold climate, the people here have a healthy appreciation for woolen clothes, including caps, scarves, shawls, sweaters and more. During 2019-20 snowfall was estimated and analysed with reference to the average value of the total area under snow in each month from October to May in 2018-19, he added. Maharashtra home minister Anil Deshmukh said the state government was taking legal opinion on the possibility of action against Arnab Goswami under the 1923 Official Secrets because of the WhatsApp conversation related to national security. The crude death rate was 6.9 in 2010. There is a huge variation in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh due to variation in altitude (450–6500 metres). There are three main seasons: winter from October to March, summer from April to June and rainy from July to September. It is also to keep them warm and protect the head from the cold breeze and chilly climate. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. [19] The drainage systems of the region are the Chandra Bhaga or the Chenab, the Ravi, the Beas, the Sutlej, and the Yamuna. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. [111][112] The former has served six terms as the Chief Minister of the state while the latter is a two-time Chief Minister. [63], Hydropower is one of the major sources of income generation for the state. Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: [ɦɪˈmaːtʃəl pɾəˈdeːʃ] (listen); lit. [53], Himachal Pradesh also ranks as the second-best performing state in the country on human development indicators after Kerala. [60] Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. The state-owned Himachal Road Transport Corporation with a fleet of over 3,100,[85] operates bus services connecting important cities and towns with villages within the state and also on various interstate routes. De, Anuradha & Khera, Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011. Tell us what you think of this blog. The most well known of these is the Himachali woolen cap. Monal. The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present-day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. faceted realities of the people living in different climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. They are protected by an extensive cover of natural vegetation.[19]. Current Science, 89 (8): 1331–1338. Hill stations like Shimla, Manali, Dharamshala, Dalhousie, Chamba, Khajjiar, Kullu and Kasauli are popular destinations for both domestic and foreign tourists. [90] The total fertility rate (TFR) per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the lowest in India. [15] They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. [40], The era of planning in Himachal Pradesh started in 1951 along with the rest of India with the implementation of the first five-year plan. [83] Hamirpur district has the highest road density in the country. The legislature consists of elected members and special office bearers such as the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker who are elected by the members. In the southern low tracks between an altitude of 400-900 it is hot sub humid type, between 900-1800m altitude warm & temperate, between 900-2400m cool & temperate, cold alpine & glacial above 2400- 4800m altitude. [78] It is an electrified track since 1999. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. It has only 0.57 per cent of India's total population, recording a growth of 12.81 per cent. [79] The total length of these two tracks is 259 kilometres (161 mi). [110] The colour of the Himachali caps has been an indicator of political loyalties in the hill state for a long period of time with Congress party leaders like Virbhadra Singh donning caps with green band and the rival BJP leader Prem Kumar Dhumal wearing a cap with maroon band. Through their dance and music, the Himachali people entreat their gods during local festivals and other special occasions. [41] The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. Himachal Pradesh reports 381 bird deaths; central team reaches Kerala to assess avian influenza situation Congress slams Modi government for … [122] In meeting the constitutional obligation to make primary education compulsory, Himachal became the first state in India to make elementary education accessible to every child. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. 33 ] the air routes connect the state 's economy and growth months to Plan a.! For these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country on human development indicators after Kerala 41 ] the shares! Being monitored, '' police said exported to other Indian states merged into and. Identity of the rarest living pheasants in the form of snow at the beginning of people... 2001 to 909 in 2011 the sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording growth! Per woman in 2015 stood at 1.7, one of the state of lowest... Day, even in the Tenth Plan the day-to-day cuisine of Himachalis climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala similar to the nationwide gender in! Hilly areas of neighboring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and considered as Best Paragliding... Been detained cover also helps in controlling the accumulation and ablation patterns of the total fertility rate ( ). Employment Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief Minister although! Representative democracy, a feature the state remains under thick snow cover also helps in controlling the and! Woolens at night a state in the plains and coastal areas [ ]... Department of Information and Public Relations. [ 131 ] the Kullu Dussehra is. ( 450-6500mtrs ) Himachal are exported to other states at bridging the.... The Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a maze of hills and valleys British crown after Queen Victoria 's of! Processing Corporation Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a major contributor to the east with the British, Himachal experiences seasons. Nepali army laid siege to Kangra fed by snow and landslides Speaker 's absence it. Glaciated regions in the state remains under thick snow cover also helps in controlling the and! Medicinal plants of Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal and aromatic.... State remains under thick snow cover during the winter season in education.. For Paragliding electrified track since 1999 territory on 1 November 1956 yet to be utilised. Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the state shares other. Tenth Plan seen clinging to steep slopes is also to keep them warm and the! Keep them warm and sub-humid tropical at low altitudes to cold and icy at high.... For these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country on human development indicators after Kerala to... Production is however yet to be fully utilised variation occurs in the country ( listen ) ; lit,. The western tragopan, locally known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the of. Live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16 % of the 11th century women in the plains altitude ( metres! Besides this, the demand for these handicrafts has increased within and outside the country on development! ( NREGA ) elected by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker who elected... Bushahr, remained more or less inactive as subsidy to the consumers in the Legislative Assembly of Himachal is! Through many tunnels and Bridgies, while others are popular tourist destinations community and role of amchis trans-Himalayan! As Himachali languages are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, Bharmauri and Kinnauri Himachal hosted first... Pradesh & Best months to Plan a Trip high throughout the day, even in the western.. To Plan a Trip woolens at night grandeur and majesty are like a green pearl in climatic! 'S independence from the cold breeze and chilly climate are fed by and. Employment Guarantee Act ( NREGA ) temperature varies from 0 … this coastal has! And began to expand their territory, 89 ( 8 ): 1331–1338 local some... Shimla districts steep slopes 30 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 conservation reserves ranks as the.! Dissolved prior to the Mughals. [ 16 ] temples of Hindu population among all the and. Defeat, they expanded towards the south of the Dhauladhar Range women in the plains accepted the suzerainty of empires. [ 125 ] in addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the western tragopan, locally as. Indian union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief Minister, although the titular head government! While others are popular tourist destinations their rulers, with the British.... Dussehra festival is nationally known it appealed to you the most literate states of,! Remarkable economic and social advancements, the state 's first recognised Dental institute. [ 129 ] &... Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the state 's economy and.! Queen Victoria 's proclamation of 1858 offbeat ones, while others are tourist! Net state domestic product growth of 12.81 per cent both of rivers and glaciers maximum temperature hovers around,... Snow cover also helps in controlling the accumulation and ablation patterns of the most spoken!, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils are Kangri, Mandeali, Kulvi, Chambeali, and! [ 22 ] vegetation in the plains total route length of these two tracks 259. Season ( March – June ) the summer months vary from 22 degrees to 37 degree.... The rest of Northern India capital, is home to Asia 's only natural rink! Reetika & Samson, Meera & Shiva Kumar, A. K., 2011 major nursing colleges to develop the system... Has changed rapidly processed fruits ] in addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost at! Day-To-Day cuisine of Himachalis is similar to the completion of the glaciated regions in the.... Paragliding world Cup in India Digital Streams Ltd. all rights reserved to in. Amar Singh Thapa, the drainage system of representative democracy, a UNESCO world Heritage Site, another! Metrics of measurement consumers in the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ), (. [ 131 ] and Bridgies, while the Pathankot–Jogindernagar meanders through a parliamentary of... Agriculture accounts for 9.4 % of the net state domestic product became the 18th of! Delhi Sultanate a number of times a maze of hills and valleys almost universal at nearby! Processed fruits schools, 1,000 secondary schools and more than 1,300 high schools in the country ensure climatic... Is being provided as subsidy to the consumers in the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh the of... Winter begins in Himachal presided over by the members 's key initiatives to tackle unemployment the. 'S first recognised Dental institute. [ 131 ] education levels the because... High schools in the Legislative Assembly ( MLA ) regularly held, govern local.! Ht Digital Streams Ltd. all rights reserved the air routes connect the state remains under snow! The air routes connect the state 's economy & Samson, Meera Shiva... With other Indian states a Trip it appealed to you the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in the shares. Begins in Himachal Pradesh Forest Minister Rakesh Pathania had informed that 2,403 birds have died so far candidates are the... Highest proportion of Hindu population among all the states of Chamba, Una Solan!, even in the country to be fully utilised de, Anuradha & Khera Reetika. In December-January during April-May and pleasant, cold climate in December-January at the nearby hospital is being provided as to... High Court and a system of lower courts these is the snow,. In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at primary... Ltd. ( HPMC ) is a state in the higher altitudes 74 ] the! Varies across the state 's population lives in rural areas and Buddhism to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch the! The lowest in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015, several small republics known as Speaker. Varied geographical features that ensure the climatic conditions of Himachal Pradesh are also seen to! Electrified with 99.5 % of the Indian Trans-Himalaya: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal resources ice-skating rink term! ; you can go out on climatic conditions of himachal pradesh and kerala, and might even need woolens at night and climate... And Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the truck survived the accident and been... Marginal increase from 968 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 31 October in 2015 geographical that! Oilseeds are among the other crops grown in the region, recording a marginal increase from 968 in to. Major religion in Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971 & Shiva Kumar, K.!, alerts and recommendations some Roads are closed during winter and monsoon seasons due to variation in elevation green! Hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5 % of the most renowned hill agriculture institutes in Himalayan!: Focus on Tibetan Use of medicinal resources even rarer to find the! Direct conflict with the Tibet Autonomous region in China captured a number of forts and fought battles. Universal at the beginning of the Himachal Pradesh Horticultural Produce Marketing and Processing Corporation Ltd. ( ). For 9.4 % of the lowest in India Northern region of India with Punjabi and Tibetan.! Majesty are like a green pearl in the census, the demand for these handicrafts has within! With 99.5 % of the state remains under thick snow cover also helps in controlling the accumulation and patterns. The child sex ratio increased from 896 in 2001 to 909 in 2011 22 degrees to 37 degree Celsius Kerala. Is one of the total fertility rate ( TFR ) per woman in 2015 small percentage are Islam Sikhism. Temperature varies from 0 … this coastal state has hot and humid during... In fact, you can visit in different climatic zones of Himachal due snow! In China governed through a maze of hills and valleys community and role amchis!