This resulted in a more understandable exposition of the Christmas story: The Flight into Egypt takes place after the end of the sixth part. In the early 1730s, Bach composed a number of secular cantatas, including: Movements from the BWV 213, 214 and 215 cantatas form the basis of several movements of the Christmas Oratorio. Part I is written for Christmas Day (December 25). [71] A new edition has been worked up by Neil Jenkins. Part V is written for the Sunday after New Year's Day. The Christmas Oratorio is exceptional in that it contains a few hymn settings, or versions of hymn tunes, for which there is no known earlier source than Bach's composition:[49][50], There are very few known hymn tunes by Bach (he used Lutheran hymn tunes in the large majority of his sacred compositions, but rarely one of his own invention): apart from what can be found in the Christmas Oratorio, there appears to be one, partly inspired by a pre-existing melody, in the motet Komm, Jesu, komm, BWV 229 (composed before 1731–32),[56] and at least one entirely by Bach, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, in Schemellis Gesangbuch (published in 1736).[57]. [27] Ihr Häuser des Himmels, ihr scheinenden Lichter, BWV 193a, composed in 1727, is another secular cantata on a text by Picander which was, shortly after its first performance, reworked into a sacred cantata (Ihr Tore zu Zion, BWV 193). Ausgabe, "Ein weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire? ", Die Melodien der deutschen evangelischen Kirchenlieder, International Music Score Library Project, Masses, magnificat, passions and oratorios, List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christmas_Oratorio&oldid=991808485, Passions and oratorios by Johann Sebastian Bach, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Schlafe, mein Liebster, und pflege der Ruh, Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage, Blühet, ihr Linden in Sachsen, wie Zedern, Pfui dich, wie fein zerbrichst du den Tempel, Du Falscher, suche nur den Herrn zu fällen, So geht! [35][39] The trio aria in Part V "Ach, wenn wird die Zeit erscheinen?" The instruments used in part I are 3 trumpets, timpani, 2 flutes, 2 oboes (each player also plays an oboe d'amore), 2 violins, viola, and the basso continuo. In detail: The oratorio was written for performance on six feast days of Christmas during the winter of 1734 and 1735. (Sound, you drums!) The Christmas Oratorio is in six parts, each part being intended for performance on one of the major feast days of the Christmas period. [28] In 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, leading to at least two further Christmas season cantatas by Bach: A Christmas oratorio presented as a cycle of six cantatas, to be performed on several days during the Christmas period, was not uncommon in Bach's day: Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel, whose church music was not unknown to Bach and Leipzig churchgoers,[31] had composed such Christmas oratorios in 1719 and 1728.[32][33][34]. Part VI is written for the holiday of Epiphany. Similar Terms. Karl Richter’s famous 1965 recording of Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with a quartet of stunning soloists 3 LP gatefold. Dass ich nimmer vergesse dein! Bach: Christmas Oratorio Bach, Johann Sebastian (Composer), Gardiner, Sir John Eliot (Conductor), Monteverdi Choir (Orchestra), English Baroque Soloists (Orchestra), Argenta, Nancy (Performer), Otter, Anne Sofie von (Performer), Rolfe Johnson, Anthony (Performer), Blochwitz, Hans-Peter (Performer) & 5 more Format: Audio CD Share on Facebook. That Bach saw the six parts as comprising a greater, unified whole is evident both from the surviving printed text and from the structure of the music itself. Bach expresses the unity of the whole work within the music itself, in part through his use of key signatures. Christmas message Christmas midnight mass christmas miracle Christmas money Christmas morning Christmas motif Christmas movie Christmas music Christmas night Christmas novel Christmas Oratorio Christmas package Christmas palm » Im Forum nach Christmas Oratorio [J S Bach and gen ] fragen: Recent Searches. Part V is meant to be performed on the Sunday between New Year's Day and, Samantha Owens, Barbara M. Reul, Janice B. Stockigt, Das Alte Werk (Warner), 2564698540 (1973, re-released 2008), Decca (Philips), 4759155 (1987, re-released 2007), Harmonia Mundi, HMX 2901630.31 (1997, re-released 2004), Channel Classics Records, CCS SA 20103 (2003), liturgical calendar of the German reformation era, Sanctus for six vocal parts, BWV 232/III (early version), 1728–29 Picander published a cantata libretto cycle, Late church cantatas by Johann Sebastian Bach § Christmas to Epiphany, List of chorale harmonisations by Johann Sebastian Bach § BWV 248, Bach's four-part chorales published by Birnstiel, "Vergiss mein nicht, vergiss mein nicht", BWV 505, Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend, BWV 248 II, Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248 III, Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben, BWV 248 IV, Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben, BWV 248 VI, Sortable Index of the Chorales by J.S. Chorales. It was written for the Christmas season of that year. Before Bach composed his Christmas Oratorio for the 1734–35 Christmas season in Leipzig, he had already composed Christmas cantatas and other church music for all seven occasions of the Christmas season: Four of these third cycle cantatas for the Christmas season, BWV 110, 57, 151 and 16, were on a text from Georg Christian Lehms's Gottgefälliges Kirchen-Opffer cantata libretto cycle, which had been published in 1711. Tweet on Twitter. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, is an oratorio by Johann Sebastian Bach intended for performance in church during the Christmas season. Bach's Christmas oratorio // On St. Nicolas-Day, the choir of the Staatsoper Unter den Linden is performing Johann Sebastian Bach's famous Christmas oratorio in the impressive atmosphere [...] of the Church of Gethsemane. : Christmas Oratorio, St. Matthew Passion, St. John Passion, Mass in B minor by English Baroque Soloists & John Eliot Gardiner on Apple Music. In Germany, Bach’s Christmas Oratorio is the seasonal equivalent to the English-speaking world’s Messiah. In addition to the new compositions listed above, special mention must go to the recitatives, which knit together the oratorio into a coherent whole. By. This scoring was intended to symbolise the shepherds who are the subject of the second part. The music represents a particularly sophisticated expression of the parody technique, by which existing music is adapted to a new purpose. It included at least three feast days that called for festive music during religious services: apart from Christmas (Nativity of Christ) and Epiphany (Visit of the Magi) the period also included New Year's Day (1 January), in Bach's time still often referred to as the Feast of the Circumcision of Christ. English Translation in Interlinear Format Cantata BWV 248/1 - Shout for joy, exult, rise up, glorify the day Christmas Oratorio I: Event: Cantata for Christmas Day Readings: Epistle: Titus 2: 11-14 / Isaiah 9: 2-7; Gospel: Luke 2: 1-14 Text: Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander); Paul Gerhardt (Mvt. The ease with which the new text fits the existing music is one of the indications of how successful a parody the Christmas Oratorio is of its sources. J.S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248 / Part Four - For New Year's Day - No. First Sunday after Christmas (31 December): First Sunday after Christmas (30 December 1725): The chorale melody used in No. Weiterer Kantatenjahrgang Gottfried Heinrich Stölzels in Bachs Aufführungsrepertoire Christmas during the Christmas bach christmas oratorio in english with quartet. Soloists 3 LP gatefold, rather than necessarily to individual players s famous 1965 recording of Bach s... 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